WHY STUDY IN INDIA Providing Higher Education

BREIF ABOUT INDIA

INDIA is the seventh largest country in the world. It has the world's second largest population. It has achieved all-round socio-economic progress since Independence. India attained their Independence in 15th August 1947. Present-day India has made significant headway in large-scale industrialisation. India has become one of the top five industrialised nations of the world in terms of NICs ranking. It produces every conceivable industrial item and consumer goods, and has achieved significant success in frontier scientific research including peaceful application of nuclear energy, space and satellite research, communication technology and biotechnology. India also has the third largest reservoir of scientific and technological manpower.

Indians are generally friendly and informal. Many of them may not wait to be introduced in order to talk to the student. In buses and trains he may find people eager to talk. In cities and towns people tend to be a little reserved. In India, as elsewhere, certain customs are observed in social matters. When people are introduced to each other they usually say "Namaste", which is the most common form of greeting. The same form is used at parting as well. Both the hands are joined and raised in greeting. Some people also shake hands and use the English form of greeting like "Good Morning", "Good Afternoon" and "Good Evening". Women do not generally shake hands.

INDIAN WEATHER SYSTEM

The climate of the country varies from region to region. In some places, including the coastal areas, the climate is almost uniform throughout the year. There are quite a few places in the country which have a moderate climate, such as towns in the North of the country or Bangalore in the South. On the other hand most areas are very hot in summer.

    The Indian Seasons can be divided as follows:

  1. March to June : Summer
  2. July to October : Monsoon
  3. November to February : Winter
Indian Universities

A good number of universities have a federal structure composed of affiliated colleges on one tier and the university departments on the other. The affiliated colleges teach, in general, undergraduate courses, whereas the university departments conduct postgraduate teaching and advanced research. The university decides the criteria of admission into colleges and coordinates the first degree examination in the undergraduate programmes and award of degree.

Most Indian universities are of affiliating types with larger ones like Mumbai and Bangalore, Calcutta having more than 300-400 affiliated college. They have a variable number of colleges affiliated to them; The colleges mostly do undergraduate teaching though some of them also have postgraduate courses in selected subjects.

Academic Year

The academic year usually begins in June or July and ends in March or April. Institutions located in high altitude areas (about one or two percent of the total) follow a different schedule, beginning in March and going on to December. In most universities which follow an annual examination pattern the academic year is divided into three terms. A few universities follow the semester system. There is no organised system of teaching during summer vacations.

Medium of Instruction

In most of the universities the medium of instruction is English. In case of professional courses, and for science and technical subjects, English is exclusively used for teaching. For the Humanities, Social sciences and Commerce faculties, the medium of instruction is both in English and in regional languages. Postgraduate education is conducted in English in most of the centres.

Examination System

In case of universities following the annual pattern, an end-of-year examination is held between March and May and the results are declared two months later. Supplementary examinations are held in October or November. Universities following the semester system have examinations in November- December and March-April. Most examinations are conducted by the universities; however, some affiliating universities have reduced the number of university examinations for a degree. For example at the Bachelor's level in the humanities, the examinations at the end of the first year may be conducted by the college, and the ones at the end of the second and third years by the university. Centralised evaluation has also been adopted by some universities to save time in the evaluation of scripts. Internal assessment of the work done by the student throughout the year carries 10 to 25 percent of the total marks at the undergraduate level, and 20 to 40 percent at the postgraduate level in some universities. The Engineering, Medicine and Management institutions have generally adopted the internal assessment system completely, using a lettergrade and a credit-point system.